UNESCO Chair on Digital Cultural Heritage MNEMOSYNE
at the Cyprus University of Technology

Holistic documentation of Cypriot ceramic zoomorphic rhyta dating to the Hellenistic Period

Conference Proceedings

EuroMed 2022 conference proceedings (Open Access)


K. Efstathiou, R.Georgiou, T. Nikidiotis, M. Ioannides, T. Ganetsos, K. Romantzi, M. Papoytsidakis, L. Ioannou, M. Kyriakou, C. Hadjichrisodoulou, P. Siegkas


Ganetsos, T., Romantzi, K., Papoytsidakis, M., Efstathiou, K., Ioannides, M., Hadjichristodoulou, C., & Ioannou, L. (2022). Holistic documentation of Cypriot ceramic zoomorphic rhyta dating to the Hellenistic Period. In preparation


Cultural assets of historical value need to be holistically documented to ensure their long-term preservation. A key component of the holistic documentation of a cultural heritage object is the materials characterization through analytical techniques. In this work, we have employed non-invasive analytical techniques (x-ray fluorescence, Raman spectroscopy and computed tomography) for the study of three ceramic zoomorphic rhyta, belonging to the Museum of George and Nefeli Giabra Pierides located at the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation in Nicosia, Cyprus. The plain ware rhyta in the form of a he-goat dates to the Hellenistic period (310-30 B.C). We have used non-invasive portable XRF and Raman spectroscopy for the in situ chemical characterization of colour traces preserved at the surface of the three zoomorphic rhyta. In addition, we have employed Computed Tomography (CT) as a non-invasive method to investigate the manufacturing technique of the ceramics. CT was used to visualize manufacturing details and to provide accurate profiles of the ceramics, especially of the closed shapes. CT enabled a closer examination of the objects and generated a three-dimensional (3D) digital model of the artefacts which was used to replicate them using additive manufacturing (3D printing).

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